Thyroid storm is a rare but life-threatening health condition. A thyroid storm is also known as thyrotoxic or thyroid crisis. It is a medical emergency condition and it needs to be treated immediately. It can be associated with untreated hyperthyroidism.

Thyroid storm can be characterized by an irregular heartbeat, high fever, blood pressure, diarrhea, and vomiting. Read more to learn about what is thyroid storm, symptoms, causes, and how to treat.

What Is thyroid storm

The thyroid is a small gland that is located at the front and its appearance is like a butterfly-shaped. This gland produces thyroid hormones which are essential for the body. These hormones can control the body’s metabolism or the process by which our body uses energy. But in certain conditions thyroid produces too much of these hormones in the body, which causes hyperthyroidism.

The untreated hypothyroidism can develop the thyroid storm. A thyroid storm can activate several organs and develop some serious health issues. The patient who suffering with hyperthyroidism may experience these issues feeling hot, rapid heartbeats, sweating, and fainting. Here are some of the symptoms of thyroid storms.

1. Changes In Weight

Change in weight

Changes in the weight are the sign your thyroid glands are not working properly. The lower level of thyroid hormones can cause weight gain, while the overproduction of the thyroid can lose weight unexpectedly.

2. Heart Health Problems

Heart health issues  the symptom of thyroid storm

When our thyroid gland overproduces the hormones. It can affect almost every organ of the body including the heart. Thyroid causes a fast heartbeat, while hypothyroidism can cause the heartbeat more slowly.

The high level of thyroid hormones can increase blood pressure and also increase the heart-related issues. The fast heartbeat may cause heart attacks and other heart-related issues.

3. Mood Swings

Mood swings the symptom of thyroid storm

The thyroid can affect the energy, emotions and mood swings. Hypothyroidism can cause symptom life tiredness, feeling sluggish, depression and tiredness

Sleep disturbance, anxiety, restlessness, and irritability are the symptoms of hyperthyroidism.

4. Hair loss Problem

Hair loss

Hair fall is the most common signs of thyroid issues. Because thyroid hormones play an important role in the development and maintenance of hair follicles.

Both high and low levels of thyroid hormones can lead to a hair loss problem. but once this condition can treat the hair can grow back.

5. Brittle Bones

Brittle Bones the symptom of thyroid storm

Untreated hyperthyroidism can make the bones weak and brittle. The strength in the bones depends on the number of minerals and calcium that we get through the food. High level of thyroid hormones interferes with our body’s ability and incorporate the calcium into our bones.

Some other symptoms are persistent sweating, restlessness, Unconsciousness, agitation, diarrhea, confusion, shaking, and high fever.

Causes Of Thyroid Storm

Causes Of Thyroid Storm
  • Severe emotional distress
  • Trauma
  • Surgery
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Stroke
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Affect the Pregnancy 
  • Infection
  • Not taking thyroid medication correctly
  • Damage to the thyroid gland
  • Nervousness and confusion
  • Unconsciousness Stress
  • Lung infection
  • Overdose of thyroid hormone supplements
  • Drugs – such as amiodarone, and radioiodine

Treatment Of Thyroid Storm

Treatment Of  Thyroid Storm

The treatment of thyroid storm depends on a person’s age, the severity of illness, cause, and other medical conditions of the person. But the thyroid storm requires emergency treatment, usually in an intensive care unit setting. In many cases, the right treatment can improve the thyroid storm in 24 hours. But the time resolution depends on the symptoms and person to person’s condition.

Overall the best way to cure the thyroid storm is to prevent hyperthyroidism and also consult a doctor immediately. If you feel any symptoms of thyroid storm. The people who suffer from hyperthyroidism may be treated with radioactive iodine because it destroys the thyroid. But women who are suffering from hypothyroidism are pregnant then it can’t be treated with radioactive iodine because it is not safe for the unborn child. In these cases, women’s thyroid would be removed by the surgery.  

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One thought on “What is Thyroid Storm: Causes and symptoms”

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